November 2009 Archives

Crazy Al--Part 2

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While I respect Al Gore (he did win the popular vote after all), he made a common error in his recent appearance on SNL.  Near the end of his segment, Gore says:

"Have you been outside today? It's 60 degrees in late November. I mean there's a Christmas Tree in front of this building and guys are wearing flip flops. I mean, you can't say this isn't real."

Yes, I know that it's a comedy show and that I'm being dogmatic.  However, Big Al is committing one of my climate pet-peeves, namely, confusing weather with climate.  Climate science is all about probabilities.  When scientists talk about climate change, they're talking about a shift in the odds towards a particular set of conditions (for example, an increased chance of warmer weather in November). A warmer than average day is not evidence for global warming any more than a colder than average day is evidence against warming.  Rather, we need to show that the likelihood of experience a warmer than average day in November in New York has increased.  This requires us to sample temperatures over many Novembers.  Below is a graph of average temperatures in Central Park (blue) and in Portland, ME (green) for November 15-22.  

November17_23means.jpg

The shaded areas are the standard deviations.  Note: the means and standard deviations are over three years, to smooth out some of the variability.  You'll notice considerable year-to-year variability as well as some longer warm/cool periods (for example, the 1950s were warm and the 60s were cool).  First off, even during cool periods a 60 degree day in Central Park is still pretty likely.  Since 1920, there is no significant trend in temperatures at either location during NBC's "Green Week."  However, if you consider all weeks in November, there is a significant warming trend of 0.025 degrees/year in Central Park.  The trend rises to 0.04 degrees/year if you use all the data back to 1876.  In Portland, there is a slight cooling trend of 0.016 degrees per year.  So, what's the point?  The point is that climate change is complicated.  There is a tremendous amount of variability, more commonly called "weather", in the data.  Temperatures on any one day, at any one location, don't mean much.  Real climate change signals can only be seen if you have enough data (in both time and space) to average over the variability.

Crazy Al Gore

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For those who missed it, here's the link to Al Gore's "Out-crazy the crazy" approach to dealing with climate change and other environmental problems:



The way we've ignored these dangers, and in some cases clung to denial, does border on crazy.



Okay, it's been a while since I wrote about the topic of diapause in our preferred species around here, the famous Calanus finmarchicus (Take no offense, right whale...it's your favorite food anyway). But I promised model results and, hey, it takes a while to write a bunch of equations that make sense and, on top of that, without bugs ! I can ensure you, numerical bugs are no more pleasant than the one you would fight franticly while fishing the trout during a nice day of June on a Maine river...
So here is a presentation taking the issue of the control of diapause by the lipid metabolism in Calanus finmarchicus where this blog entry left it. Enjoy it !


lipid_and_dormancy_Calanus.pdf

Live "Gull's Eye" Camera

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As part of my ocean photogrammetry project, I've installed a live camera taking time lapse photography of Portland Harbor.  The objective here is to test a low-cost live monitoring system for surface slicks (i.e. oil).  The images can be georectified on the fly, giving a latitude-longitude position of everything we can see on the surface of the water (see image).

Right now, I've set the website up to show the last twenty minutes of images in an animation.  The next step is to show an animation of the rectified images along side the original.  Stay tuned for this exciting update.

TwoCamExample.jpg
Georectified photographs of Portland Harbor. This figure shows two photos taken
from different angles, overlaid on the same portion of the harbor.


image19.jpg
Image from the live Gull's Eye camera.  Click here for animation of current images.

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This page is an archive of entries from November 2009 listed from newest to oldest.

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